Glossary

There are many SEN terms that are abbreviated which can lead to confusion (even for us!). Below is a glossary of the most used SEN terms.

 

ADD Attention Deficit Disorder

ADHD Attention Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorder

ASD Autistic Spectrum Disorder

CAMHS Child & Adolescent Mental Health Service

COP Code of Practice

CP Child Protection

EAL English as an Additional Language

EHA Early Help Assessment

EP Educational Psychologist

FSM Free School Meals

HI Hearing Impairment

IEP Individual Education plan

KS Key Stage

LAC Looked After Child

LEA Local Education Authority

MLD Moderate Learning Difficulty

NC National Curriculum

OT Occupational Therapist

PP Pupil Premium

SaLT Speech & Language Therapy

SEN Special Educational Needs

SEND Special Educational Needs & Disability

SENCO Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator

SEMH Social Emotional and Mental Health

SpLD Specific Learning Difficulty

VI Visual Impairment

 

A glossary of terms is available below - 

Annual review

A review of a pupil’s EHC plan carried out by the LA at least every 12 months

Areas of need

Four broad categories used to describe a pupil’s SEN. They are: communication and interaction, cognition and learning, SEMH (see below), sensory and/or physical needs

ASD

Autistic spectrum disorder

CCG

Clinical commissioning group. A group of NHS professionals which is responsible for planning and arranging the delivery of the healthcare provision for people in its area

Disagreement resolution

A service for resolving disagreements about provision between parents or young people and other bodies, commissioned by the LA. Available to all children and young people with SEN, not just those with EHC plans

EHC needs assessment

Initial assessment, carried out by the LA, for deciding whether a child or young person needs an EHC plan. Can be requested by parents, young people or schools

EHC plan

Education health and care plan. A statutory document drawn up by the LA, setting out the education, health and social care support to be provided to a child or young person with SEN or a disability. Replacing statements and learning difficulty assessments by April 2018

Graduated approach

A four-part cycle for assessing, planning, delivering and reviewing provision for pupils with SEN

IEP

Individual education plan. See ‘school-based plans’

LA

Local authority

LDA

Learning difficulty assessment. A statutory document drawn up by the LA describing the provision for a young person with SEN in post-16 education, training or higher education. Being replaced by EHC plans by April 2018

Local offer

Sets out information about provision that the LA expects to be available in its area for children and young people with SEND. Published by the LA

Mediation

A form of disagreement resolution for parents and young people considering appealing decisions about EHC needs assessments and plans at the tribunal

MLD

Moderate learning difficulties

One-page profile

See school-based plans

Outcome

Describes the difference that will be made to an individual as a result of special educational and other provision. Must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound (SMART)

Personal budget

An amount of money requested by parents or young people for securing provision set out in the EHC plan. The budget, prepared by the LA, can be held directly by the parent or young person, or managed on their behalf by the LA, school or other organisation

PMLD

Profound and multiple learning difficulties

Pupil passport

See school-based plans

Pupil profile

See school-based plans

SALT

Speech and language therapy, sometimes speech and language therapist

School offer

Some schools refer to their SEN information report as a ‘school offer’.

School-based plan

A non-statutory document setting out school-based support and interventions for a pupil with SEN. Examples of school-based plans include IEPs, SEN support plans, pupil passports, and one-page profiles

SEMH

Social, emotional and mental health difficulties

SEN

Special educational needs. A pupil has SEN if he or she needs special educational provision due to a learning difficulty or disability (see special educational provision)

SEN information report

A document published on the school website, setting out the school’s provision for pupils with SEN

SEN policy

Sets out the vision, values and aims of the school’s SEND arrangements. Does not have to be a standalone document

SEN support

An overall term that refers to pupils needing special educational provision who do not have EHC plans. Replaces the previous categories of School Action (SA) and School Action Plus (SA+)

SEN support plan

See school-based plans

SENCO

Special educational needs co-ordinator. The person in a school responsible for co-ordinating provision for pupils with SEN

SEND

Special educational needs and disability

SEND Code of Practice

Statutory guidance setting out the duties and responsibilities of organisations, including schools, in relation to children and young people with SEND

SEND resource base

Specialist provision within a mainstream school, also known as an SEN unit or specialist resource base

Sensory room

A space which uses special lighting, music, and objects to creating a calm environment or develop certain senses. Often used as a therapy for pupils with limited communication

SLCN

Speech and language communication needs

SLD

Severe learning difficulties. Can also refer to speech and language difficulties

Special educational provision

Provision to help pupils with SEN of disabilities access the curriculum that is different from or additional to the provision normally available to pupils of the same age

Special school

A school that is specifically organised to make special educational provision for pupils with SEN

SpLD

Specific learning difficulties. SpLD affect one or more particular aspects of learning. Examples include dyslexia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia

Statement

A statutory document drawn up by the LA describing the provision for a child or young person with SEN who is still at school. Being replaced by EHC plans by April 2018

Top-up funding

Additional funding available from the LA for pupils with high needs, i.e. those whose educational provision costs more than £10,000 per year

Transition planning

Preparation for moves between phases of education or for adult life

Tribunal

An independent body that determines appeals by parents or young people against LA decisions on EHC needs assessments and EHC plans, as well as claims of disability discrimination